Central Maine Medical Center
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300 Main Street, Lewiston, ME 04240 | 207-795-0111
Bariatric Surgery - Imagine Tomorrow

Glossary

Bariatrics Glossary

Acute
Urgent or severe situation or disease.

Adhesion
The joining or sticking together of parts of an organ or tissues that are not normally joined together.

Anemia
Condition of low red blood cells in bloodstream.

Asthma
A chronic respiratory disease, often arising from allergies, that is characterized by sudden recurring attacks of labored breathing, chest constriction, and coughing.

B12
A vitamin involved in the metabolism of protein, fats, and carbohydrates.

BPN
Bariatric Program Navigator, usually an RN who coordinates care and education for the bariatric patient.

Bariatrics
The branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention, and treatment of obesity.

BMI
Body Mass Index measured as the ratio of height to weight (kilograms/meters2), often used to determine eligibility for surgery.

Bowel
Referring to the small or large intestines.

Carbohydrate
Any of various compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (such as sugars, starches, and celluloses). One of three macro nutrients, along with fat and protein.

Cardiovascular
Of, relating to, or involving the heart and the blood vessels.

CHF
Congestive Heart Failure

Cholesterol
A white crystalline substance found in animal tissues and various foods that is normally broken down by the liver. Its level in the bloodstream can influence certain conditions, such as the development of atherosclerotic plaque and coronary artery disease.

Chronic
Long-term situation or disease

Co-morbidity
A condition that exists in relation to or in addition to another condition. For example, the presence of obesity and high blood pressure at the same time.

Compliance
A term used to describe how well a patient's behavior follows medical advice.

Constipation
Acute or chronic condition in which bowel movements occur less often
than usual and with difficulty.

Deficiency
An insufficient level of a substance or circumstance. For example vitamin deficiency can occur when not enough nutrients are consumed.

Dehydration
Referring to a low level of fluids in the body.

Diabetes
Any of several metabolic disorders marked by frequent urination and persistent thirst resulting from impaired glucose metabolism.

Diarrhea
Loose or liquid bowel movement or stool.

Diet
The usual food and drink of a person.

Dumping
Nausea, weakness, sweating, palpitation, syncope, often a sensation of warmth, and sometimes diarrhea, that may occur after ingestion of certain foods in patients who have undergone operations of their gastrointestinal track.

Duodenum
The beginning portion of the small intestine, starting at the lower end of the stomach and extending to the jejunum (the next segment of the small bowel).

DVT
Deep vein thrombosis: a blood clot in a major vein, usually in the legs and/or pelvis.

Band Erosion
Referring to a complication of gastric banding where the plastic band wears through the anatomy of the esophagus and/or gastric pouch.

Esophagus
Tubular upper digestive section leading from the mouth to the stomach.

Excess Body Weight
Amount of weight above the individual's ideal body weight.

Exercise
Manual activity that develops or maintains physical fitness and overall health and promotes weight loss.

Fat
Along with carbohydrates and proteins, one of the three macro nutrients used as energy sources by the body.

Fills (bandfills)
Referring to adding or withdrawing (adjusting) fluid from the gastric band as is clinically indicated to modify food passage.

Gastrectomy
Surgical removal of all or part of the stomach.

Gastrointestinal
Of or relating to the stomach and intestines.

Gastroplasty
Surgical repair or modification of the stomach or lower esophagus.

GERD
Gastrointestinal Reflux Disease – also referred to as "heartburn".

Hernia
Protrusion (passing through) of a body part through an abnormally weakened wall that usually contains it.

Hyperlipidemia
High cholesterol

Hypertension
High blood pressure

Ileum
The third and final section of the small intestine (after the duodenum
and jejunum).

Incision
A cut or a wound made by cutting with a sharp instrument.

Incisional hernia
Protrusion of a portion of an organ or tissue through an abnormal
opening cause by an incision.

Jejunum
The section of the small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum.

Laparoscopic
A minimally-invasive surgical or diagnostic procedure that uses a telescopic video camera (laparoscope) to view and operate on structures in the abdomen.

Malabsorption
Defective or inadequate absorption of nutrients from the intestinal tract.

Morbid
Relating to conditions of illness or leading to illness.

Morbid Obesity
More than 100 lbs greater than normal body weight or a body mass index (BMI) of 35 or above with significant associated health issues.

Mortality
Relating to death.

Multi-disciplinary team
A group of professionals from various specialties, educational or training backgrounds working together for a common goal.

Nausea
An unpleasant sensation with a tendency to vomit.

Obesity
Relating to weight greater than healthy weight - generally a BMI ≥30.

Osteoarthritis
Chronic degeneration of the cartilage of the joints.

Palpitation
Rapid, forceful, throbbing, or fluttering heartbeat.

Pancreatitis
Inflammation of the pancreas.

PCP
Primary Care Provider (i.e. Family Physician, Internist, Obstetrician, etc.)

PE
Pulmonary Embolus: Blockage of an artery of the lung by foreign matter
such as fat, tumor, tissue, or a clot originating from a vein

Pharmacotherapy
The practice of treating diseases with medication.

Postoperative
The period after an operation.

Preoperative
The period before an operation.

Protein
Proteins are one of the three types of macro nutrients used as energy sources by the body. The other two are carbohydrates and fats.

Psychosocial
Involving aspects of social and psychological behavior.

Pulmonary
Of, relating to, or affecting the lungs.

Reflux
Flowing backwards.

Registered Dietitian
Specialist in diet and nutrition.

Resection
Removal of a portion or all of an organ or other structure.

Revision
A re-operation to modify or correct a previous procedure

Satiety
Feeling of fullness or satisfaction during or after eating.

SBO Small Bowel Obstruction
An obstruction of the small intestine that prevents the free passage of material, sometimes caused by postoperative adhesions.

Sleep apnea
A temporary suspension of breathing occurring repeatedly during sleep that often affects overweight people or those having an obstruction in the breathing tract, an abnormally small throat opening, or a neurological disorder.

Sleeve Gastrectomy
Surgical procedure to remove approximately 85% of the stomach, leaving a tubular-shaped stomach between the bottom of the esophagus and the pyloric junction. Most commonly performed as a weight-loss procedure.

Slippage
Referring to movement of an adjustable gastric band's position relative to the esophagus and stomach.

Sustained Weight Loss
Long-term consistent weight loss.

Ulcer
Damage to a tissue or organ surface such as the lining the stomach or duodenum.

Urinary Incontinence
Inability to control urinary functions.

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